Wednesday, June 17, 2020

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus - 1925 Words

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (Research Paper Sample) Content: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) PreventionStudent:Professor:Course title:Date:Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)Review of LiteratureCalfee, D. P., Salgado, C. D., Milestone, A. M., Harris, A. D., Kuhar, D. T., Moody, JYokoe, D. S. (2014). Strategies to prevent methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus transmission and infection in acute care hospitals: 2014 Update. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 35(7), 52-59.Summary of Article: the authors of this article emphasize the practical recommendations for the detection and prevention of hospital-acquired infection (HAIs) aimed at assisting acute-care hospitals to implement and prioritize their methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus prevention efforts. Research Elements: Calfee et al. (2014) reviewed different research studies on the subject matter or topic and comparing data/findings of the different research studies. The strength of this research method and design is t hat it enabled the authors to provide a reliable and accurate analysis of MRSA and how it can be effectively controlled and prevented. Research Results: one of the ways of preventing the spread of MRSA is educating patients and their families regarding MRSA. Significance to Nursing and Patient Care: education about MRSA should be provided to patients and their family members. This may be helpful in reducing patient anxiety and anxiety of the patients relative related to precautions; the risk of transmission to visitors and family members; and the risk of getting symptomatic infection. In addition, it helps in improving adherence to the suggested practices and to improve satisfaction of the patient (Calfee et al., 2014). Durai, R., Ng, P., Hoque, H. (2010). methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus: an update. Association of periOperative Registered Nurses Journal, 91(5), 599-610.Summary of Article: the authors of this article provide the latest overview regarding methicillin-r esistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a serious threat to the community and to patients in healthcare facilities. It is particularly difficult and expensive to treat because of its resistance to common antibiotics. Research Elements: the authors carried out a literature review from the year 2005 until the year 2008 in PubMed database with Straphylococcus aureus and MRSA as keywords. Full-text articles and abstracts were analyzed. The strength of this design is that the author was able to obtain articles from a recognized scholarly database. Research Results: generally, MRSA infection is linked to a higher rate of mortality compared to methicillin. MRSA from health care providers and patients could spread within the same nursing unit either through indirect or direct contact. Significance to Nursing and Patient Care: nurses can use various ways to reduce or prevent the spread of MRSA. They can use alcohol-based hand rubs; treat carriers in an appropriate way; isolate the careers as well as infected patients; use barriers like aprons and gloves; and the nurse can also perform adequate and frequent hand hygiene (Durai, Ng Hoque, 2010). Golding, G. R., Quinn, B., Bergstrom, K., Stockdale, D., Shirley, W., Nsungu, NIrvine, J. (2012). Community-based educational intervention to limit the dissemination of community-associated methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus in northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Bio Med Central Public Health, 12 (15), 1-5.Summary of Article: the yearly rate of people with community-associated MRSA infection in the northern half of Saskatchewan rose considerably from the year 2001 to 2006. To tackle this problem, educational materials were developed to reduce the spread of community-associated MRSA. Research Elements: the authors provided radio broadcasts, patient leaflets, community slide presentations, posters, as well as school education programs to targeted communities in the north that experience high rates of infections. Research Resu lts: after this program was implemented, the MRSA infection rates within the targeted communities reduced two-fold from the year 2006 to the year 2008 (Golding et al., 2012). Significance to Nursing and Patient Care: Educational materials should be used in the community to increase awareness of the significance of appropriate antimicrobial usage and hygiene in reducing the spread of CA-MRSA together with other infectious illnesses in other communities.Gray, J. W. (2014). Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus: the problem reaches paediatrics. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89 (2), 297-298.In this article, the author stated that Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus are commonly not just resistant to methicillin and other ÃŽÂ ²-lactam antibiotics, but they are also resistant to other classes of antibiotics. There is a growing occurrence of health care associated infections with MRSA in youngsters with underlying conditions predisposing to infection with S aureus. In America, studies indicate that MRSA is actually responsible for about 60 percent of community acquired infections with S Aureus presenting to healthcare facilities (Gray, 2014). To prevent this MRSA, the author states that MRSA in children should be reviewed in order to determine the degree of the problem, and to execute measures for infection control which can better control MRSA in both paediatrics and neonatology. Green, B. N., Johnson, C. D., Egan, J. T., Rosenthal, M., Griffith, E. A., Evans, M. W. (2012). Methicilin-resistant staphylococcus aureus: an overview for manual therapists. Journal of Chiropractic Medicine, 11(1), 64-76 Summary of Article: MRSA is linked to high morbidity levels and infections which are difficult to treat. The authors describe a practical overview of this bug/germ as it is utilized by manual therapy professions. The authors also provide a discussion of how to identify and avoid getting MRSA infections in manual therapy work settings. Research Elem ents: Green et al. (2012) searched both CINAHL and PubMed. They also reviewed texts and authoritative websites. The strength is that the authors derived the articles from recognized scholarly online databases. Research Results: information was organized into ten clinically pertinent categories for presentation. Some of them are development of MRCA, clinical presentation, microbiology, diagnostic tests, prevention for healthcare workers, diagnostic tests. Significance to Nursing and Patient Care: Manual practitioners are of major importance in recognizing MRSA infections. They are also helpful in controlling its transmission in the community and the health care environment. Integral techniques that can be used to protect healthcare workers and patents include patient education, being aware of presenting signs, and using suitable clinic and hand hygiene (Green et al., 2012). Harris, A. (2014). Patient information: methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (beyond the basics) . UpToDate.Summary of Article: in this article, Harris, Sexton and Baron (2014) provide a discussion of the symptoms and signs, diagnostic tests, treatment, as well as prevention of a certain dangerous strain of Staphylococcus, known as the methicillin-resistant. Research Elements: this is essentially a topic review. The limitation of this research method is that it lacks the empirical evidence to substantiate the claims made by the author. Research Results: patients and community members should be provided with education and awareness regarding the measures for preventing Methicillin-Resistant Staphlylococcus aureus. Significance to Nursing and Patient Care: nurses and other health care workers should adhere to the different prevention measures in order to reduce or stop the spread of infections. Health care workers should provide education and awareness of MRSA to the members in the community. Koydemir, C., Kulah, H., Ozgen, C., Hascelik, G. (2011). Methicillin resistant staphyl ococcus aureus biosensors for detection of methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 29(1), 1-12.Koydemir et al. (2011) discuss the state of traditional techniques, microfluidic-based biosensors, as well as the commercial products that are utilized in detecting methicillin resistant Staphyloccocus aureus (MRSA) a major threat of hospital-acquired infections in many countries worldwide. Detecting MRSA in patients specimen early enough helps to ensure that apt treatment is provided in order to reduce the rates of mortality and morbidity. In future, nanotechnology and MEMS based detection techniques would replace the present techniques in clinical diagnosis (Koydemir et al., 2011). Marchione, M. (2010). Dangerous staff germs found at west coast beaches. San Diego, CA: Sage Publications.Marchione (2010) mentions that harmful staph bacteria MRSA were found in water and sand at 5 public beaches along the shoreline of Washington. MRSA bug is known to c ause nasty skin infections, pneumonia, plus other serious problems. It is very hard to treat this germ. Every year, MRSA bacteria is responsible for roughly 3,500 deaths in Belgium (Marchione, 2012). People should be educated on how they can avoid getting this bug, for instance by showering after coming out of the beaches in the Washington State in order to reduce the likelihood of the bacteria staying on the skin (Marchione, 2012).Mascitti, K. B., Gerber, J. S., Zaoutis, T., Baron, T. D., Lautenbach, E. (2010). Preferred treatment and prevention strategies for recurrent community-associated methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus skin and soft-tissue infections: a survey of adult and pediatric providers. American Journal of Infection Control, 38(4), 24-328.Summary of Article: in this article, the authors sought to investigate the treatment and preventi...

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